Do poverty reduction strategies reduce poverty?
To answer this question, the On Poverty Reduction research project lead by Geranda Notten starts with a comparison of Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) processes in Canada’s provinces.
A timeline of events
An important aspect of a PRS is the chronology of events, documents, and other actions conducted by the government throughout the process’ lifespan. This is especially helpful in cross-provincial comparison as key similarities or differences in pattern, order, or presence of action can be identified more easily.
This website shares the interactive timelines that the On Poverty Reduction research team created as part of this ongoing research. Each timeline summarizes a province’s PRS process up till March 2016. The eight color-coded categories indicate key events in or around a PRS process.
Share your brainwaves …
This is an ongoing research project. We are very interested in hearing your questions, suggestions and comments regarding these timelines and the research project more generally. Alternatively, you may want to contribute a post on our blog or comment on a blog post from another contributor. Send us a message or directly contact Geranda Notten.
Newfoundland and Labrador
The consequences of rising income and wealth inequality are a major concern for policymakers, academics and civil society groups in Canada and elsewhere. These growing disparities are feared to exacerbate inequality among persons’ life chances, affecting particularly those in or at risk of poverty.
In Canada, many of the key policy areas affecting a person’s poverty risk and, more broadly, life’s chances fall under provincial jurisdiction. Think for instance of health, education, housing, provincial taxes and transfers, social services.
Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRS) have become a popular policy tool for addressing this widening dispersion. A poverty reduction strategy (PRS) is a document announcing a long-term policy goal (poverty reduction) and a plan on how to make and measure progress towards this goal over the medium term (typically 5 or 10 years). Currently, 12 of 13 provinces and territories either have a PRS or have announced the intention to develop one.
Rather than replacing aforementioned policy areas, the process of developing and implementing a PRS is supposed improve the effects of actions in these policy areas. Under the umbrella of a PRS, key stakeholders share information, establish shared priorities and goals, (better) coordinate their activities, and keep track of the progress made towards reaching those goals. Ultimately, it is these activities that should lead to (more) poverty reduction and (better) life changes for those at the bottom and middle of society’s ranks.
Comparing Apples and Oranges? Poverty Reduction Strategies in Manitoba, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, and Québec
This research note is authored by students Erin AuCoin and Lauren Hills under the supervision of Geranda Notten. It systematically describes and compares key aspects of PRS processes in four Canadian provinces – Manitoba, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, and Quebec.
Keen to determine whether these strategies are more like ‘Apples or Oranges’ the researchers compare the PRS processes in terms of their history, timeline, goals, objectives, targets and indicators. The PRS timelines on this website were created as part of this research.